Mako, 13, holds her sister Asho in Ifo 2 camp, after fleeing violence in Somalia and flooding in Kenya © UNHCR/B. Bannon
The situation in Kenya
Kenya’s security situation has been volatile during the last three years. The 2013 general elections were peaceful, alleviating concerns of actors in the humanitarian sector who had feared a repeat of violence experienced in previous elections.
The country’s major security incidents have been the result of terrorist attacks, including that at Westgate Mall, Nairobi in September 2013. The mass shooting at the mall resulted in at least 67 deaths with more than 175 people reportedly wounded.
It was the worst terrorist attack on the country since the 1998 bombing at the American embassy in Nairobi, which resulted in 212 deaths, and more than 4,000 injuries.
On 31st March 2014, two explosions killed and injured people in Eastleigh, a suburban area in Nairobi County. One blast took place near a food kiosk and clothing market, killing six people; the other near a bus stop, killing 10 people and injuring at least 40 more.
Incidences of the use of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) continued to increase, with another major explosion on 23rd April 2014, blowing up a civilian vehicle, killing two policemen and two individuals with alleged ties to terrorist networks.
In Kenya’s coastal region, attacks in Mpeketoni, in Lamu district, took place between 15th and 17th of June 2014. More than 60 people were killed in the attacks.
The Somalia-based Al-Shabaab militant group claimed responsibility, but Kenya’s President Uhuru Kenyatta asserted that the attacks were organized by local politicians with ties to a network of local gangs.
In North Eastern Kenya, tribal clashes continue. On 22nd August 2014, a series of attacks were experienced in Mandera County between communities from the Mandera North sub-County and Banisa sub-County.
The security situation continues to affect the living and working conditions of humanitarian and development workers in the country, and prove the need for the security trainings and awareness RedR provides.
Added to this, the humanitarian situation across East Africa is one of the most urgent in the world.
Ongoing droughts and unpredictable weather patterns, coupled with protracted conflicts in many regions, have left millions of people malnourished, without secure livelihoods and increasingly susceptible to natural and man-made crises.
Never has there been a more urgent time to ensure that aid workers responding to food crises, natural emergencies or conflict have the essential skills they need.
RedR UK’s East African Hub opened in Kenya in October 2011.It was ideally positioned to support RedR’s South Sudan and Sudan offices. But over time it began to provide training and capacity building for humanitarian actors in Kenya and the East Africa region to meet the needs of the populations they work with.
After three years of successful operations, the programme has expanded to provide training and support to the greater Sub-Saharan region focusing on covering more countries within the region. The expansion has seen RedR provide trainings and consultancy to areas like DRC, Uganda, Tanzania, Somali, Ethiopia, Chad and Madagascar.
RedR has offered tailor-made trainings for agencies, including CARE Kenya, WVI, Save the Children, NRC, UNICEF, VSO, GAA, Kenya Red Cross, International Medical Corp, Caritas, German Agro Action.
And in recent months, RedR has been working to increase – and develop new – partnership opportunities, in which it will offer more long-term trainings.
Some of our current activities
RedR Sub Saharan Regional Office is currently implementing the following programmes:-
INSO 2 PROJECT (Improving & Supporting NGO’s security management practices in Kenya)
The programme provides dedicated safety and security services to NGOs working in the North East of Kenya, by improving their awareness and understanding of the working environment, humanitarian frameworks of operation, and their security management practices.
The project has trained 560 people from Mandera, Wajir, Garissa, Dadaab, Kakuma, Marsabit and any other region with high levels of insecurity. RedR has been providing these trainings since October 2013, and is working to add more regions based on the current situation and need.
Disaster Risk Management
The programme seeks to build capacities of the newly devolved county governments & stakeholders for preparedness and timely response during disasters. The programme picked up from KIRA (Kenya Inter-Agency Rapid Assessment) which was a multi-sector, multi-agency fast turnaround for rapid response to disaster occurrences. KIRA has run successfully for the last two years and has focused on ensuring efficient and coordinated needs assessments within the onset of a disaster.
Staff Safety Training
RedR has been among the few organisations providing quality staff safety and welfare training for humanitarian workers in Sudan in English.
As from October 2014 RedR will resume active trainings in South Sudan, but in the last year, the Kenya team has provided training and consultancy services to humanitarian workers within the country.
In partnership with Inter-Health. RedR will roll out combined targeted courses that reflect the actual needs of the humanitarian workers in the country. The purpose of these joint trainings is to address staff safety, security and employee welfare, focusing on staff stress and resilience in a difficult environment.
Our achievements in 2013
Key Achievements in 2014 so far
The courses cover the following topics: