After the two devastating earthquakes which hit Nepal in April and May, RedR is working to help those affected rebuild their homes, infrastructure and livelihoods - and build them back better, reducing the impact of future disasters.
Context in brief
On 25 April 2015, an earthquake of magnitude 7.8 struck Nepal. It was the most powerful earthquake to hit the country in more than 80 years, killing more than 8,800 people and injuring more than 22,000. Overall, some eight million people - almost a third of Nepal’s population - were affected. Hundreds of thousands were left homeless. Key infrastructures, along with historical sites, were damaged or destroyed.
Just over two weeks later, a second, 7.3-magnitude earthquake struck northeast of Kathmandu, causing further loss of life and bringing many buildings which had been weakened by the first quake crashing to the ground.
Four months later, the United Nations (UN) estimate that three million survivors are still in need of assistance. Hundreds of thousands of people, lacking the means to rebuild their homes, are still sleeping in makeshift shelters. The destruction of livelihoods means that food security is a very real concern in the mid- to long-term. Water-related diseases are already widespread, but the onset of monsoon season has created conditions in which they can flourish. Displaced people living in improvised settlements are particularly vulnerable.
Individuals and organisations seeking to bring relief to affected communities are facing unprecedented logistical challenges: many of the worst-affected areas are extremely remote, and accessible only by foot or helicopter at the best of times. Earthquake-related damage to roads and infrastructure made them even harder to reach. On top of this, the monsoon season is now in full force, hampering relief and reconstruction efforts and making access to remote areas even more difficult. Flooding and landslides are a regular occurrence, and population displacement is ongoing.
Despite these challenges, the RedR family is working together to help affected communities recover. Through the training we provide, aid workers, government employees and community members are acquiring the skills they need to save and improve lives by delivering access to food, shelter, clean water and medicines, and to reduce the risks posed by future disasters. Find out what we're doing to help.
Sources: Thomson Reuters Foundation, UNOCHA and ECHO via ReliefWeb