Without enough safe water for drinking, cooking and personal hygiene, it is difficult to maintain good health. Without proper sanitation, water supplies can become contaminated, and diseases can spread rapidly. Developed using Sphere standards, and in consultation with WASH cluster partners, community mobilisers, community members and Christian Aid staff, the Hygiene Promotion Strategy aims to address the WASH vulnerabilities in Jamtoli Camp through enhanced community action and organised interventions at camp level.
The strategy recommends some practical steps, including promoting the practice of household-level water treatment to prevent contamination and a targeted Hygiene Promotion campaign for handwashing and latrine-use. The plan advocates an integrated approach to working with the community, including working with the groups on the management of sanitation facilities and in creating and disseminating visual messages around Hygiene Promotion.
The low numbers of women participating in community meetings were also noted as a critical challenge to Hygiene Promotion. Women are often actively discouraged from participating in open meetings. The Hygiene Promotion strategy recommends recruiting female hygiene promoters and organising activities in female-friendly spaces to overcome this challenge. Activities include women-only monthly gatherings and recruiting female volunteers to ensure that every woman entering the community kitchen washes her hands with soap, following the hand-washing steps.
The language barrier also presents a challenge in Hygiene Promotion. Most of the community in Jamtoli Camp speak Rohingya dialect, however, developing Information Education and Communication (IEC) material in Rohingya script is a challenge. The strategy emphasises the role of the facilitator and the importance of group discussion to overcome this challenge. Alongside IEC material, the plan also recommends working with the community to use storytelling to communicate Hygiene Promotion messages in Rohingya dialect.
Read the full Hygiene Promotion Strategy here.