According to the 2017 Sudan Humanitarian Needs Overview, 4.8 million people in Sudan* are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance. Decades of conflict, compounded by socio-economic and climatic factors, have led to large-scale, protracted displacement within the country's borders - and caused significant challenges relating to food, shelter, WASH, health, and livelihoods.
Currently, an estimated 2.3 million people in Sudan are internally displaced. In line with its tradition of hospitality, Sudan also hosts refugees from the Central African Republic (CAR), Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Syria, and Yemen. Since fighting broke out in neighbouring South Sudan in December 2013, 351,000 South Sudanese refugees have crossed the border into Sudan (including 46,000 in the first three months of 2017) - all of which puts additional pressure on the country's already limited resources and infrastructure.
Although humanitarian needs across the country are acute, this chronic crisis receives little international attention, and relief efforts are consistently under-funded.
*Sudan has a total population of 39.6 million.